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The food synthesised by plants is stored as ___?
The food synthesised by plants is stored as starch. Starch is a complex carbohydrate that plants use as an energy reserve. It is composed of long chains of glucose molecules, and is stored in cells within the plant. These cells, known as amyloplasts, are found in the roots, stems, and leaves of plants, and are responsible for storing the excess glucose produced by photosynthesis.
The food synthesised by plants is stored as Starch
Starch serves as the primary source of energy for the plant, and is utilized when the plant needs it for growth or when it is exposed to environmental stressors such as drought or high temperatures. When the plant requires energy, the starch is broken down into glucose through the process of hydrolysis, and the glucose is then used by the plant as an energy source.
In addition to starch, plants also store energy in the form of sugars, such as fructose and sucrose, in their fruits and sweet juices. These sugars serve as a reward for animals that eat the fruits, as they attract animals to eat the fruit and thus help to spread the plant’s seeds. This process of seed dispersal is an important part of the plant’s reproductive cycle and helps to ensure the survival of the species.
Another way that plants store energy is through the accumulation of oils, particularly in the seeds of plants such as oil palm, soybean, and cotton. Oils are composed of fatty acids, and serve as a long-term energy reserve for the plant. When the seed germinates, the oil is broken down and used as an energy source for growth and development.
In conclusion, the food synthesised by plants is stored in a variety of forms, including starch, sugars, and oils. These energy reserves serve a critical role in the survival and growth of the plant, providing the energy necessary for growth and reproduction, as well as allowing the plant to survive environmental stressors. Understanding the way in which plants store energy is an important part of understanding the ecology and physiology of the plant kingdom.
Also Read: Name five Plants and their parts that We eat with Explanation
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